Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|6 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2017
|Note 2 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies||
NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Principles of Consolidation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Zivo Bioscience, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Health Enhancement Corporation, HEPI Pharmaceuticals, Inc., WellMetris, LLC, and Zivo Biologic, Inc. All significant intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Companys condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America, which require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, at the date of the financial statements and reported amount of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Management uses its best judgment in valuing these estimates and may, as warranted, solicit external professional advice and other assumptions believed to be reasonable.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
For the purpose of the statements of cash flows, cash equivalents include time deposits, certificates of deposit and all highly liquid debt instruments with original maturities of three months or less. Cash equivalents consist of highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased. At June 30, 2017, the Company did not have any cash equivalents.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment consists of furniture and office equipment and are carried at cost less allowances for depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization is determined by using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Repair and maintenance costs that do not improve service potential or extend the economic life of an existing fixed asset are expensed as incurred.
Deferred Financing Costs
The Company follows authoritative guidance for accounting for financing costs as it relates to convertible debt issuance cost. These costs are deferred and amortized over the term of the debt period or until redemption of the convertible debentures. Amortization of deferred financing costs amounted to $56,233 and $-0- for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
For revenue from product sales, the Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 104, Revenue Recognition (SAB No. 104), which superseded Staff Accounting Bulletin No. 101, Revenue Recognition in Financial Statements (SAB No. 101). SAB No. 104 requires that four basic criteria must be met before revenue can be recognized: (1) persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists; (2) delivery has occurred; (3) the selling price is fixed and determinable; and (4) collectability is reasonably assured. Determination of criteria (3) and (4) are based on managements judgment regarding the fixed nature of the selling prices of the products delivered and the collectability of those amounts. Provisions for discounts and rebates to customers, estimated returns and allowances, and other adjustments are provided for in the same period the related sales are recorded. For six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, the Company had no revenue.
Shipping and Handling Costs
Shipping and handling costs are expensed as incurred. For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, no shipping and handling costs were incurred.
Research and Development
Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. The majority of the Company's research and development costs consist of clinical study expenses. These consist of fees, charges, and related expenses incurred in the conduct of clinical studies conducted with Company products by independent outside contractors. External clinical studies expenses were approximately $805,000 and $475,000 for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, respectively.
Stock Based Compensation
We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with FASB ASC 718, Compensation Stock Compensation. Under the provisions of FASB ASC 718, stock-based compensation cost is estimated at the grant date based on the awards fair value and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period. The Company generally issues grants to its employees, consultants and board members. At the date of grant, the Company determines the fair value of the stock option award and recognizes compensation expense over the requisite service period. The fair value of the stock option or warrant award is calculated using the Black Scholes option pricing model.
During the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016, warrants were granted to employees and consultants of the Company. As a result of these grants, the Company recorded compensation expense of $40,748 and $1,113,200 for these periods, respectively.
The fair value of warrants was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following weighted average assumptions:
The Black-Scholes option-pricing model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options that have no vesting restrictions and are fully transferable. In addition, option-pricing models require the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the expected stock price volatility. Because the Companys employee warrants have characteristics significantly different from those of traded options and because changes in the subjective input assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimate, in managements opinion the existing models may not necessarily provide a reliable single measure of the fair value of the warrants.
Loss Per Share
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing the Companys net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period presented. Diluted loss per share is based on the treasury stock method and includes the effect from potential issuance of common stock such as shares issuable pursuant to the exercise of warrants and conversions of debentures. Potentially dilutive securities as June 30, 2017, consisted of 157,280,170 common shares issuable upon the conversion of convertible debentures and related accrued interest and 32,950,795 common shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding warrants. Potentially dilutive securities as of June 30, 2016, consisted of 88,195,105 common shares issuable upon the conversion of convertible debentures and related accrued interest and 30,530,818 common shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding warrants. For the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016 diluted and basic weighted average shares are the same, as potentially dilutive shares are anti-dilutive.
Advertising costs are charged to operations when incurred. There were no advertising costs for the six months ended June 30, 2017 and 2016.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents. The Company, from time to time, maintains cash balances at financial institutions which exceed the current Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) limit of $250,000.
Certain items in these consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
Future Impact of Recently Issued Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09 (ASU 2014-09), Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 superseded the revenue recognition requirements in Revenue Recognition (Topic 605) and requires entities to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflect the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early adoption is not permitted. ASU 2014-09 is not expected to have a material impact on the Companys financial position or results of operations.
In August 2014, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2014-15 (ASU 2014-15) Presentation of Financial Statements Going Concern (Subtopic 205-40). The amendments in this Update are effective for the annual period ending after December 15, 2016, and for annual periods and interim periods thereafter. Early application is permitted. This Update had no effect on the Companys financial position and results of operations for the year ended December 31, 2016.
Management does not believe there would have been a material effect on the accompanying financial statements had any other recently issued, but not yet effective, accounting standards been adopted in the current period.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef