NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2020
|NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 2 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Principles of Consolidation
The unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of ZIVO Bioscience, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Health Enhancement Corporation, HEPI Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Wellmetrix, LLC (formerly known as WellMetris, LLC), Zivo Bioscience, LLC and Zivo Biologic, Inc. All significant intercompany transactions and accounts have been eliminated in consolidation.
The Companys condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America, which require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities, at the date of the financial statements and reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Management uses its best judgment in valuing these estimates and may, as warranted, solicit external professional advice and other assumptions believed to be reasonable.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
For the purpose of the statements of cash flows, cash equivalents include time deposits, certificates of deposit and all highly liquid debt instruments with original maturities of three months or less. Cash equivalents consist of highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less when purchased. At September 30, 2020, the Company did not have any cash equivalents.
Property and Equipment
Property and equipment consist of furniture and office equipment and are carried at cost less allowances for depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization is determined by using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the related assets. Repair and maintenance costs that do not improve service potential or extend the economic life of an existing fixed asset are expensed as incurred.
Debt Issuance Costs
The Company follows authoritative guidance for accounting for financing costs (as amended) as it relates to convertible debt issuance costs. These costs are deferred and amortized over the term of the debt period or until redemption of the convertible debentures. Debt Issuance Costs are reported on the balance sheet as a direct deduction from the face amount of the related notes. Amortization of debt issuance costs amounted to $-0- and $1,187,817 and are included in Interest Expense Related Parties on the condensed consolidated Statements of Operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. As of September 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019 there were no unamortized Debt Issuance costs included in the condensed consolidated Balance Sheets as presented in these financial statements.
Revenue is recognized in accordance with revenue recognition accounting guidance, which utilizes five steps to determine whether revenue can be recognized and to what extent: (i) identify the contract with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligation(s); (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) determine the recognition period. The Company only applies the five-step model to contracts when it is probable that the Company will collect the consideration it is entitled to in exchange for the goods or services it transfers to the customer. At contract inception, once the contract is determined to be within the scope of ASC 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, the Company assesses the goods or services promised within each contract and determines those that are performance obligations and assesses whether each promised good or service is distinct. The Company then recognizes as revenue the amount of the transaction price that is allocated to the respective performance obligation when (or as) the performance obligation is satisfied.
Significant judgments exercised by management include the identification of performance obligations, and whether such promised goods or services are considered distinct. The Company evaluates promised goods or services on a contract by contract basis to determine whether each promise represents a good or service that is distinct or has the same pattern of transfer as other promises. A promised good or service is considered distinct if the customer can benefit from the good or service independently of other goods/services either in the contract or that can be obtained elsewhere, without regard to contract exclusivity, and the entitys promise to transfer the good or service to the customer is separately identifiable from other promises in the contact. If the good or service is not considered distinct, the Company combines such promises and accounts for them as a single combined performance obligation.
For nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company had $20,000 and $-0- of service revenue, respectively.
Shipping and Handling Costs
Shipping and handling costs are expensed as incurred. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, no shipping and handling costs were incurred.
Research and Development
Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. The Company's research and development costs, including internal expenses, consist of clinical study expenses as it relates to the BioTech business and the development and growing of algae as it relates to the AgTech business. These consist of fees, charges, and related expenses incurred in the conduct of business with Company development by independent outside contractors. External clinical studies study expenses were approximately $1,431,000 and $1,650,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively. Internal expenses, composed of staff salaries compose approximately $1,877,000 and $190,000 for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, respectively.
Stock Based Compensation
We account for stock-based compensation in accordance with FASB ASC 718, Compensation Stock Compensation, as amended by (ASU) No. 2018-07, Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. Under the provisions of FASB ASC 718, stock-based compensation cost is estimated at the grant date based on the awards fair value and is recognized as expense over the requisite service period. The Company generally issues grants to its employees, consultants and board members. At the date of grant, the Company determines the fair value of the stock option or warrant award and recognizes compensation expense over the requisite service period. The fair value of the stock option or warrant award is calculated using the Black Scholes option pricing model.
During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, stock options and warrants were granted to employees, the Board of Directors and consultants of the Company. As a result of these grants, the Company recorded compensation expense of $3,158,487 and $985,832 for these periods, respectively.
The fair value of stock options and warrants was estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model based on the following weighted average assumptions:
The Black-Scholes option-pricing model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options that have no vesting restrictions and are fully transferable. In addition, option-pricing models require the input of highly subjective assumptions, including the expected stock price volatility. Because the Companys employee warrants have characteristics significantly different from those of traded options and because changes in the subjective input assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimate, in managements opinion the existing models may not necessarily provide a reliable single measure of the fair value of the warrants.
Loss Per Share
Basic loss per share is computed by dividing the Companys net loss by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period presented. Diluted loss per share is based on the treasury stock method and includes the effect from potential issuance of common stock such as shares issuable pursuant to the exercise of options, warrants and conversions of debentures. Potentially dilutive securities as of September 30, 2020, consisted of 76,578,752 common shares issuable upon the conversion of convertible debentures and related accrued interest and 237,547,006 common shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding stock options and warrants. Potentially dilutive securities as of September 30, 2019, consisted of 101,203,285 common shares issuable upon the conversion of convertible debentures and related accrued interest and 203,130,756 common shares issuable upon the exercise of outstanding warrants. For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 diluted and basic weighted average shares are the same, as potentially dilutive shares are anti-dilutive.
Advertising costs are charged to operations when incurred. There were no advertising costs for the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.
Concentrations of Credit Risk
Financial instruments that potentially subject the Company to significant concentrations of credit risk consist principally of cash and cash equivalents. The Company, from time to time, maintains cash balances at financial institutions which exceed the current Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) limit of $250,000.
Certain items in these consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the current period presentation.
Recently Enacted Accounting Standards
In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-09 (ASU 2014-09), Revenue from Contracts with Customers. ASU 2014-09 superseded the revenue recognition requirements in Revenue Recognition (Topic 605), and requires entities to recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflect the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled to in exchange for those goods or services. ASU 2014-09 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2017, including interim periods within that reporting period. Early adoption is not permitted. Historically the Company has had insignificant revenues.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases, to require lessees to recognize all leases, with limited exceptions, on the balance sheet, while recognition on the statement of operations will remain similar to current lease accounting. The ASU also eliminates real estate-specific provisions and modifies certain aspects of lessor accounting. Subsequently, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-10, Codification Improvements to Topic 842, ASU No. 2018-11, Targeted Improvements, and ASU No. 2018-20, Narrow-Scope Improvements for Lessors, to clarify and amend the guidance in ASU No. 2016-02. ASU No. 2016-02 is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within that reporting period.
The Company has adopted each of the ASUs. Prior comparative periods were not required to be restated and the ASUs have not had an impact on the Companys consolidated financial statements.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef